nelson admiral

Horatio Nelson war ein britischer Admiral und lebte von bis ✓ Lebensdaten, ✓ Biografie und ✓ Steckbrief auf faithful.nu Kap Finisterre – Wertingen – Günzburg – Haslach-Jungingen – Elchingen – Ulm – Trafalgar .. Admiral Nelson wurde in Großbritannien als nationaler Held gefeiert und durch zahlreiche Denkmäler geehrt. Das bekannteste Monument ist die. Admiral Nelson bezeichnet folgende Personen: Horatio Nelson, 1. Viscount Nelson (–), britischer Admiral. Admiral Nelson ist der Name folgender. On 4 July Agamemnon sailed from St Moon moon wolf with a small force of frigates and sloops, bound for Genoa. It was conveyed upriver in Commander Grey's yacht Chatham to Greenwich and placed in a lead coffin, club world casino iphone that in another wooden one, made from the mast of L'Orient which had been salvaged after the Battle of the Fußball zweite liga ergebnisse. The Sword of Albion. The significance of the victory Beste Spielothek in Rödemis finden his death Beste Spielothek in Unterailingen finden the battle led to his signal, " England expects that every man will do his duty ", being regularly quoted, paraphrased and referenced up to the modern day. Williamson, James Alexander The Foundation and Growth of the British Empire. Wikipedias text är tillgänglig under licensen Creative Commons Erkännande-dela-lika 3. The life and legend. Binance deutsch boat reached its intended landing point congress casino baden as he stepped ashore he was hit in the right arm by a musketball, which fractured his humerus bone in multiple places. Wikipedias text är tillgänglig under licensen Creative Commons Erkännande-dela-lika 3. He subsequently made his way to London, arriving on 9 November. On 30 October Nelson spoke in support of the Addington government in the House of Lords, and afterwards made gangster casino visits to autralian open sessions. Other pro-republican writers produced books and pamphlets decrying the events in Naples as atrocities. Kort därefter, medveten om att segern var i hans hand, avled Nelson runt klockan He was taken to the Beste Spielothek in Föhrenwald finden William Beattytelling him.

Nelson Admiral Video

The Battle of Trafalgar - Admiral Nelson's Moment I PIRATES Dart wm bdo unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Am Morgen nach der Schlacht von Trafalgar setzte ein heftiger Sturm ein, wie ihn viele der Seeleute noch nie erlebt hatten. Die Beteiligung englischer Soldaten 888 casino texas holdem Die Spanier konnten einen Invasionsversuch der Royal Navy abwehren. Die Schriftstellerin Lady Elizabeth Foster stellte fest: Eva Glawischnig geboren

admiral nelson -

Wenig später, gegen September um Juli vor Kap Finisterre zum Kampf zu stellen. Allerdings segelte er unter Missachtung der Befehle Napoleons nicht nach Brest weiter, um die Kanalflotte zum Kampf zu stellen, sondern suchte am Im Frühjahr entwickelte Napoleon einen kühnen Plan. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am In einem Folgegefecht vor Kap Ortegal am 4. Am Ende erwiesen sich die schnellere Schussfolge und die bessere Manövrierfähigkeit der Tapferkeit der französischen und spanischen Matrosen als überlegen.

Nelson admiral -

Wann immer Herrscher oder Völker sich ihnen widersetzten, zwangen sie diesen notfalls ihren Willen auf - mit der Macht der Royal Navy. Oktober von der Insel Mauritius in Richtung Spanien unterwegs. Die Küste besteht aus kahlen schroffen Felsen, die durch tiefe Schluchten Barrancos getrennt sind. Besonders gefährlich für die Briten waren die Musketiere, die aus den Mastkörben schossen und Granaten warfen. In anderen Projekten Commons.

Jervis himself had begun to grow concerned about reports of Nelson's behaviour, but in early October word of Nelson's victory had reached London.

The City of London awarded Nelson and his captains swords, whilst the King ordered them to be presented with special medals. Instead, Nelson received the title Baron Nelson of the Nile.

Nelson was dismayed by Spencer's decision, and declared that he would rather have received no title than that of a mere barony.

He made frequent visits to attend functions in his honour, or to tour nearby attractions with Emma, with whom he had by now fallen deeply in love, almost constantly at his side.

Despite enjoying his lifestyle in Naples, Nelson began to think of returning to England, [] but King Ferdinand of Naples, after a long period of pressure from his wife Maria Carolina of Austria and Sir William Hamilton, finally agreed to declare war on France.

The Neapolitan army, led by the Austrian General Mack and supported by Nelson's fleet, retook Rome from the French in late November, but the French regrouped outside the city and, after being reinforced, routed the Neapolitans.

In disarray, the Neapolitan army fled back to Naples, with the pursuing French close behind. The evacuation got under way on 23 December and sailed through heavy gales before reaching the safety of Palermo on 26 December.

With the departure of the Royal Family, Naples descended into anarchy and news reached Palermo in January that the French had entered the city under General Championnet and proclaimed the Parthenopaean Republic.

In late June Ruffo's army entered Naples, forcing the French and their supporters to withdraw to the city's fortifications as rioting and looting broke out amongst the ill-disciplined Neapolitan troops.

Nelson arrived off Naples on 24 June to find the treaty put into effect. His subsequent role is still controversial. Nelson then had the transports seized.

Caracciolo was tried by royalist Neapolitan officers and sentenced to death. Caracciolo was hanged aboard the Neapolitan frigate Minerva at 5 o'clock the same afternoon.

Nelson returned to Palermo in August and in September became the senior officer in the Mediterranean after Jervis' successor Lord Keith left to chase the French and Spanish fleets into the Atlantic.

You will be more likely to recover your health and strength in England than in any inactive situation at a foreign Court, however pleasing the respect and gratitude shown to you for your services may be.

The recall of Sir William Hamilton to Britain was a further incentive for Nelson to return, although he and the Hamiltons initially sailed from Naples on a brief cruise around Malta aboard the Foudroyant in April It was on this voyage that Horatio and Emma's illegitimate daughter Horatia was probably conceived.

Keith came to Leghorn in person to demand an explanation, and refused to be moved by the Queen's pleas to allow her to be conveyed in a British ship.

They made stops at Trieste and Vienna , spending three weeks in the latter where they were entertained by the local nobility and heard the Missa in Angustiis by Haydn that now bears Nelson's name.

He subsequently made his way to London, arriving on 9 November. He attended court and was guest of honour at a number of banquets and balls.

It was during this period that Fanny Nelson and Emma Hamilton met for the first time. During this period, Nelson was reported as being cold and distant to his wife and his attention to Emma became the subject of gossip.

Events came to a head around Christmas, when according to Nelson's solicitor, Fanny issued an ultimatum on whether he was to choose her or Emma.

I love you sincerely but I cannot forget my obligations to Lady Hamilton or speak of her otherwise than with affection and admiration. The two never lived together again after this.

On 29 January Emma gave birth to their daughter, Horatia. On their arrival, Parker was inclined to blockade Denmark and control the entrance to the Baltic, but Nelson urged a pre-emptive attack on the Danish fleet at harbour in Copenhagen.

Parker himself would wait in the Kattegat , covering Nelson's fleet in case of the arrival of the Swedish or Russian fleets.

On the morning of 2 April , Nelson began to advance into Copenhagen harbour. Parker sent the signal for Nelson to withdraw, reasoning:.

I will make the signal for recall for Nelson's sake. If he is in a condition to continue the action he will disregard it; if he is not, it will be an excuse for his retreat and no blame can be attached to him.

Keep your eyes fixed on him. I have a right to be blind sometimes. At length Nelson dispatched a letter to the Danish commander, Crown Prince Frederick , calling for a truce, which the Prince accepted.

Satisfied with the outcome of the expedition, he returned to England, arriving on 1 July. In France, Napoleon was massing forces to invade Great Britain.

After a brief spell in London, where he again visited the Hamiltons, Nelson was placed in charge of defending the English Channel to prevent the invasion.

On 30 October Nelson spoke in support of the Addington government in the House of Lords, and afterwards made regular visits to attend sessions. Nelson often found himself received as a hero and was the centre of celebrations and events held in his honour.

He joined her at Portsmouth, where he received orders to sail to Malta and take command of a squadron there before joining the blockade of Toulon.

He was promoted to Vice Admiral of the White while still at sea, on 23 April Nelson set off in pursuit but after searching the eastern Mediterranean he learned that the French had been blown back into Toulon.

Nelson gave chase, but after arriving in the Caribbean, spent June in a fruitless search for the fleet. Villeneuve had briefly cruised around the islands before heading back to Europe, in contravention of Napoleon's orders.

He entertained a number of his friends and relations there over the coming month, and began plans for a grand engagement with the enemy fleet, one that would surprise his foes by forcing a pell-mell battle on them.

Wellington was waiting to be debriefed on his Indian operations, and Nelson on his chase and future plans. Wellington later recalled, "He Nelson entered at once into conversation with me, if I can call it conversation, for it was almost all on his side and all about himself and, in reality, a style so vain and so silly as to surprise and almost disgust me.

This was the only meeting between the two men. Nelson returned briefly to Merton to set his affairs in order and bid farewell to Emma, before travelling back to London and then on to Portsmouth, arriving there early in the morning of 14 September.

During the breakfast word spread of Nelson's presence at the inn and a large crowd of well wishers gathered. They accompanied Nelson to his barge and cheered him off, which Nelson acknowledged by raising his hat.

Nelson was recorded as having turned to his colleague and stated, "I had their huzzas before: I have their hearts now".

Drawing on his own experience from the Nile and Copenhagen, and the examples of Duncan at Camperdown and Rodney at the Saintes , Nelson decided to split his fleet into squadrons rather than forming it into a similar line parallel to the enemy.

The combined French and Spanish fleet under Villeneuve's command numbered 33 ships of the line. Napoleon Bonaparte had intended for Villeneuve to sail into the English Channel and cover the planned invasion of Britain, but the entry of Austria and Russia into the war forced Napoleon to call off the planned invasion and transfer troops to Germany.

At four o'clock in the morning of 21 October Nelson ordered the Victory to turn towards the approaching enemy fleet, and signalled the rest of his force to battle stations.

He then went below and made his will, before returning to the quarterdeck to carry out an inspection.

Mr Pasco, I wish to say to the fleet "England confides that every man will do his duty". You must be quick, for I have one more signal to make, which is for close action.

Pasco suggested changing confides to expects which, being in the Signal Book, could be signalled by the use of a single code using three flags , whereas confides would have to be spelt out letter by letter.

Nelson agreed, and the signal was hoisted. Nelson replied that it was too late "to be shifting a coat", adding that they were "military orders and he did not fear to show them to the enemy".

Victory came under fire, initially passing wide, but then with greater accuracy as the distances decreased. A cannonball struck and killed Nelson's secretary, John Scott, nearly cutting him in two.

Hardy's clerk took over, but he too was almost immediately killed. Hardy, standing next to Nelson on the quarterdeck, had his shoe buckle dented by a splinter.

Nelson observed, "This is too warm work to last long. Nelson told him to take his pick, and Hardy moved Victory across the stern of the gun French flagship Bucentaure.

He turned to see Nelson kneeling on the deck, supporting himself with his hand, before falling onto his side. Hardy rushed to him, at which point Nelson smiled.

Hardy, I do believe they have done it at last Nelson was carried below by sergeant-major of marines Robert Adair and two seamen.

As he was being carried down, he asked them to pause while he gave some advice to a midshipman on the handling of the tiller.

He was taken to the surgeon William Beatty , telling him. You can do nothing for me. I have but a short time to live. My back is shot through.

Nelson was made comfortable, fanned and brought lemonade and watered wine to drink after he complained of feeling hot and thirsty.

He asked several times to see Hardy, who was on deck supervising the battle, and asked Beatty to remember him to Emma, his daughter and his friends.

Hardy came belowdecks to see Nelson just after half-past two, and informed him that a number of enemy ships had surrendered. Nelson told him that he was sure to die, and begged him to pass his possessions to Emma.

Nelson, fearing that a gale was blowing up, instructed Hardy to be sure to anchor. He then stood for a minute or two before kissing him on the forehead.

Nelson asked, "Who is that? Scott, who remained by Nelson as he died, recorded his last words as "God and my country". Nelson's body was placed in a cask of brandy mixed with camphor and myrrh , which was then lashed to the Victory's mainmast and placed under guard.

They brought me word, Mr Whitby from the Admiralty. He came in, and with a pale countenance and faint voice, said, "We have gained a great Victory.

I believe I gave a scream and fell back, and for ten hours I could neither speak nor shed a tear. King George III , on receiving the news, is alleged to have said, in tears, "We have lost more than we have gained.

We do not know whether we should mourn or rejoice. The country has gained the most splendid and decisive Victory that has ever graced the naval annals of England; but it has been dearly purchased.

The first tribute to Nelson was offered at sea by sailors of Vice Admiral Dmitry Senyavin's passing Russian squadron, which saluted on learning of the death.

Nelson's body was unloaded from the Victory at the Nore. It was conveyed upriver in Commander Grey's yacht Chatham to Greenwich and placed in a lead coffin, and that in another wooden one, made from the mast of L'Orient which had been salvaged after the Battle of the Nile.

He lay in state in the Painted Hall at Greenwich for three days, before being taken upriver aboard a barge, accompanied by Lord Hood , chief mourner Sir Peter Parker , and the Prince of Wales.

After a four-hour service he was interred in the crypt within a sarcophagus originally carved for Cardinal Wolsey.

From to over 3. Nelson, who had spent a large part of his career in the Caribbean , had developed an affinity with the planters there.

He believed that the islands' economies relied heavily on the Atlantic slave trade and attempted to use his influence to thwart the abolitionist movement in Britain.

Nelson was regarded as a highly effective leader, and someone who was able to sympathise with the needs of his men. He based his command on love rather than authority, inspiring both his superiors and his subordinates with his considerable courage, commitment and charisma, dubbed " the Nelson touch ".

Nelson's personality was complex, often characterised by a desire to be noticed, both by his superiors, and the public.

He was easily flattered by praise, and dismayed when he felt he was not given sufficient credit for his actions. Aspects of Nelson's life and career were controversial, both during his lifetime and after his death.

His affair with Emma Hamilton was widely remarked upon and disapproved of, to the extent that Emma was denied permission to attend Nelson's funeral and was subsequently ignored by the government, which awarded money and titles to Nelson's legitimate family.

Prominent contemporary politician Charles James Fox was among those who attacked Nelson for his actions at Naples, declaring in the House of Commons.

I wish that the atrocities of which we hear so much and which I abhor as much as any man, were indeed unexampled. They made terms with him under the sanction of the British name.

Before they sailed their property was confiscated, numbers were thrown into dungeons, and some of them, I understand, notwithstanding the British guarantee, were actually executed.

Other pro-republican writers produced books and pamphlets decrying the events in Naples as atrocities. Denna fred blev dock kortvarig. Han misstänkte att Villeneuve seglade mot Västindien med syfte att lägga under sig de brittiska besittningarna där.

Han jagade de Villeneuve fram och tillbaka över Atlanten. I have done my duty. Denna seger kom att tillintetgöra Napoleon I: Horatio Nelson räknas som nationalhjälte och som en av de största gestalterna i brittisk krigshistoria.

Han är begravd i St Pauls-katedralen i London. Victory upphörda att skjuta. Kort därefter, medveten om att segern var i hans hand, avled Nelson runt klockan Snart flydde hela den fransk-spanska flottan.

De tagna franska skeppen var: De spanska skeppen som togs var: Av dessa sjönk senare Redoutable. Dock har det frodats flera förklaringar till hans död.

Visningar Visa Redigera Redigera wikitext Visa historik. Verktyg Sidor som länkar hit Relaterade ändringar Specialsidor Permanent länk Sidinformation Wikidataobjekt Använd denna sida som referens.

Sidan redigerades senast den 20 september kl.

Zu seiner Lebenszeit wirken u. Viscount Hood , zu unterstellen. Nelson setzte dagegen auf die Erfahrung seiner Besatzungen und sein taktisches Geschick. Sein Sieg rettete England und legte den Grundstein für sein neues weltumspannendes Empire. Das Ranking von Horatio Nelson auf geboren. Die Inhalte der Karte sowie der Routenfunktion wurden von Drittanbietern bereitgestellt. Viscount; Nelson of the Nile, Horatio Nelson 1. Der Arzt notierte daraufhin eine "rapide Versch-lechterung" seines Gesundheitszustandes. William Hogarth, gemeinfrei — Zeichenerklärung: Sie befinden sich hier: Horatio Nelsons Lebensspanne umfasst 47 Jahre. Die Crew, in piratischer Kleidung, freut sich auf Ihren Besuch. Senden Sie uns eine E-Mail So wollen wir debattieren. Oktobereinem Montag. Weitere berühmte Personen der Politik: In einem Brief vom Die auf ihr stationierten Soldaten versuchten, die "Victory" zu entern. Als die Angreifer feststellten, dass ihr Plan, die Höhe hinter dem Castillo del Paso Alto ungesehen einzunehmen, stargames bonus code mai 2017 war, kehrten sie auf die Schiffe zurück. Die Ziele und die Folgen der vorhergegangenen Angriffe unterscheiden sich allerdings von denen des Angriffes im Jahr Als zweiter Schritt war vorgesehen, die Militärführung in Santa Cruz aufzufordern, sich zu ergeben. Andrea Kdolsky geboren platin casino login

Hären stod klar, landstignings- och fraktfartyg hade byggts och det enda som saknades var en skyddande fransk flotta. Planen var att försöka locka den brittiska flottan till Västindien för att sedan skynda sig tillbaka och frakta trupperna över kanalen innan Nelson hann efter.

Napoleon hastade i ilfart genom Europa , samtidigt som han gav Pierre-Charles de Villeneuve order om att lägga ut, men amiralen tvekade.

De franska främre fartygen skulle inte kunna se flaggskeppets signaler om fiendelinjen skars av framför detta och skulle behöva mycket tid att vända tillbaka för att ta del i striden.

Denna formation blir senare känd som The Nelson Touch 'Nelson-känslan'. England expects that every man will do his duty 'England förväntar sig att var man gör sin plikt'.

Nelson fintade den franska-spanska flottan - först angrep han en annan punkt än där huvudanfallet skulle ske.

Vid middagstid gav Villeneuve ordern att anfalla fienden. Ett annat skepp ur den brittiska medvindskolumnen, Belleisle , anfölls av Aigle , Achille , Neptune och Fougueux.

Villeneuve trodde att Redoutable skulle bordas, men istället fick han med Temeraire , Conqueror och Neptune att göra. Victory upphörda att skjuta.

Kort därefter, medveten om att segern var i hans hand, avled Nelson runt klockan Snart flydde hela den fransk-spanska flottan. De tagna franska skeppen var: De spanska skeppen som togs var: By Lutwidge began to circulate a story that while the ship had been trapped in the ice, Nelson had seen and pursued a polar bear , before being ordered to return to the ship.

Lutwidge's later version, in , reported that Nelson and a companion had given chase to the bear, but on being questioned why, replied that "I wished, Sir, to get the skin for my father.

Nelson briefly returned to Triumph after the expedition's return to Britain in September With the outbreak of the First Anglo-Maratha War , the British fleet operated in support of the East India Company and in early Seahorse was dispatched to carry a cargo of the company's money to Bombay.

On 19 February, two of Hyder Ali 's ketches attacked Seahorse , which drove them off after a brief exchange of fire.

This was Nelson's first experience of battle. In early Nelson contracted malaria and became seriously ill. His patron, Suckling, had risen to the post of Comptroller of the Navy in , and used his influence to help Nelson gain further promotion.

Worcester , under the command of Captain Mark Robinson , sailed as a convoy escort on 3 December and returned with another convoy in April After the outbreak of the American War of Independence Lowestoffe took several prizes, one of which was taken into Navy service as the tender Little Lucy.

Nelson asked for and was given command of her, and took her on two cruises of his own. Nelson and Badger spent most of cruising off the Central American coast, ranging as far as the British settlements at British Honduras now Belize , and Nicaragua , but without much success at interception of enemy prizes.

Parker hastily organized his defences and placed Nelson in command of Fort Charles, which covered the approaches to Kingston. Nelson duly took command of the Hinchinbrook on 1 September.

Hinchinbrook sailed from Port Royal on 5 October and, in company with other British ships, proceeded to capture a number of American prizes.

After sailing up the mouth of the San Juan River, Nelson, with some one thousand men and four small four-pounder cannon, obtained the surrender of Castillo Viejo and its Spanish defenders after a two-week siege.

During his time of convalescence he was nursed by a black "doctoress" named Cubah Cornwallis , the mistress of a fellow captain, William Cornwallis.

Nelson gradually recovered over several months, and soon began agitating for a command. Nelson received orders on 23 October to take the newly refitted Albemarle to sea.

He was instructed to collect an inbound convoy of the Russia Company at Elsinore , and escort them back to Britain.

He then left the convoy to return to port, but severe storms hampered him. Nelson was generally unsuccessful; he succeeded only in retaking several captured British merchant ships and capturing a number of small fishing boats and assorted craft.

In August he had a narrow escape from a far superior French force under Louis-Philippe de Vaudreuil , only evading them after a prolonged chase.

Nelson and the Albemarle were ordered to scout the numerous passages for signs of the enemy, but it became clear by early that the French had eluded Hood.

Commanding a small flotilla of frigates and smaller vessels, he landed a force of seamen and marines early on the morning of 8 March under a supporting bombardment.

Several of the officers involved criticised Nelson, but Hood does not appear to have reprimanded him. Nelson visited France in late , stayed with acquaintances at Saint-Omer , and briefly attempted to learn French.

He returned to England in January , and attended court as part of Lord Hood's entourage. Because the merchants of the nearby island of Nevis supported the American claim, Nelson was in peril of imprisonment; he remained sequestered on Boreas for eight months, until the courts ruled in his favour.

Once engaged, Herbert offered nowhere near the money he had promised. Breaking an engagement was dishonourable, [57] so Nelson and Nisbet were married at Montpelier Estate on the island of Nevis on 11 March , shortly before the end of his tour of duty in the Caribbean.

Nelson returned to England in July, with Fanny following later. Nelson remained with Boreas until she was paid off in November that year.

In , they settled at Nelson's childhood home at Burnham Thorpe. He was unsuccessful as there were too few ships in the peacetime navy and Hood did not intercede on his behalf.

In the French revolutionary government annexed the Austrian Netherlands modern Belgium , which were traditionally preserved as a buffer state.

On 1 February France declared war. In May , Nelson sailed as part of a division under the command of Vice Admiral William Hotham , joined later in the month by the rest of Lord Hood's fleet.

Short of supplies and doubting their ability to defend themselves, the city authorities requested that Hood take it under his protection.

Hood readily acquiesced and sent Nelson to carry dispatches to Sardinia and Naples requesting reinforcements.

Nelson put to sea in pursuit of a French frigate, but on failing to catch her, sailed for Leghorn , and then to Corsica. Hood still hoped the city could be held if more reinforcements arrived, and sent Nelson to join a squadron operating off Cagliari.

Early on the morning of 22 October , Agamemnon sighted five sails. Nelson closed with them, and discovered they were a French squadron.

He promptly gave chase, firing on the gun Melpomene. On his arrival, Nelson was given command of a small squadron consisting of Agamemnon , three frigates and a sloop, and ordered to blockade the French garrison on Corsica.

Hood had failed to make adequate provision for a withdrawal and 18 French ships-of-the-line fell into republican hands.

A British assault force landed on the island on 7 February, after which Nelson moved to intensify the blockade off Bastia.

For the rest of the month he carried out raids along the coast and intercepted enemy shipping. Nelson convinced Hood otherwise, but a protracted debate between the army and naval commanders meant that Nelson did not receive permission to proceed until late March.

Nelson began to land guns from his ships and emplace them in the hills surrounding the town. On 11 April the British squadron entered the harbour and opened fire, whilst Nelson took command of the land forces and commenced bombardment.

British forces landed at Calvi on 19 June, and immediately began moving guns ashore to occupy the heights surrounding the town.

While Nelson directed a continuous bombardment of the enemy positions, Stuart's men began to advance. On 12 July Nelson was at one of the forward batteries early in the morning when a shot struck one of the sandbags protecting the position, spraying stones and sand.

Nelson was struck by debris in his right eye and was forced to retire from the position, although his wound was soon bandaged and he returned to action.

Repositioning their guns, the British brought Calvi under constant bombardment, and the town surrendered on 10 August. After the occupation of Corsica, Hood ordered Nelson to open diplomatic relations with the city-state of Genoa , a strategically important potential ally.

Nelson put into Leghorn , and while Agamemnon underwent repairs, met with other naval officers at the port and entertained a brief affair with a local woman, Adelaide Correglia.

On 8 March, news reached Hotham that the French fleet was at sea and heading for Corsica. He immediately set out to intercept them, and Nelson eagerly anticipated his first fleet action.

The French were reluctant to engage and the two fleets shadowed each other throughout 12 March. Heavily damaged, the two French ships were forced to surrender and Nelson took possession of Censeur.

Defeated at sea, the French abandoned their plan to invade Corsica and returned to port. Nelson and the fleet remained in the Mediterranean throughout the summer of On 4 July Agamemnon sailed from St Fiorenzo with a small force of frigates and sloops, bound for Genoa.

On 6 July Nelson ran into the French fleet and found himself pursued by several much larger ships-of-the-line. He retreated to St Fiorenzo, arriving just ahead of the pursuing French, who broke off as Nelson's signal guns alerted the British fleet in the harbour.

A number of small engagements were fought but to Nelson's dismay, he saw little action. Nelson returned to operate out of Genoa, intercepting and inspecting merchantmen and cutting-out suspicious vessels in both enemy and neutral harbours.

Nelson's forces were able to cover the withdrawing army and prevent them from being surrounded, but he had too few ships and men to materially alter the strategic situation, and the British were forced to withdraw from the Italian ports.

Nelson returned to Corsica on 30 November, angry and depressed at the British failure and questioning his future in the navy.

In January the position of commander-in-chief of the fleet in the Mediterranean passed to Sir John Jervis , who appointed Nelson to exercise independent command over the ships blockading the French coast as a commodore.

Despite some minor successes in intercepting small French warships e. Nelson hurried there to oversee the evacuation of British nationals and transported them to Corsica, after which Jervis ordered him to blockade the newly captured French port.

Nelson helped oversee the withdrawal from Corsica, and by December was aboard the frigate HMS Minerve , covering the evacuation of the garrison at Elba.

He then sailed for Gibraltar. During the passage, Nelson captured the Spanish frigate Santa Sabina and placed Lieutenants Jonathan Culverhouse and Thomas Hardy in charge of the captured vessel, taking the Spanish captain on board Minerve.

Santa Sabina was part of a larger Spanish force, and the following morning two Spanish ships-of-the-line and a frigate were sighted closing fast.

Unable to outrun them, Nelson initially determined to fight but Culverhouse and Hardy raised the British colours and sailed northeast, drawing the Spanish ships after them until being captured, giving Nelson the opportunity to escape.

Nelson found himself towards the rear of the British line and realised that it would be a long time before he could bring Captain into action.

After an hour of exchanging broadsides which left both Captain and Culloden badly damaged, Nelson found himself alongside San Nicolas.

He led a boarding party across, crying "Westminster Abbey or glorious victory! Nelson led his party from the deck of San Nicolas onto San Josef and captured her as well.

Four ships had surrendered to the British and two of them were Nelson's. Nelson was victorious, but had disobeyed direct orders. Jervis liked Nelson and so did not officially reprimand him, [] but did not mention Nelson's actions in his official report of the battle.

Parker claimed that Nelson had been supported by several more ships than he acknowledged, and that San Josef had already struck her colours by the time Nelson boarded her.

During the action Nelson's barge collided with that of the Spanish commander, and a hand-to-hand struggle ensued between the two crews.

Twice Nelson was nearly cut down and both times his life was saved by a seaman named John Sykes who took the blows and was badly wounded.

The British raiding force captured the Spanish boat and towed her back to Theseus. The battle plan called for a combination of naval bombardments and an amphibious landing.

The initial attempt was called off after adverse currents hampered the assault and the element of surprise was lost. He prepared for a third attempt, to take place during the night.

Although he personally led one of the battalions, the operation ended in failure: Nelson's boat reached its intended landing point but as he stepped ashore he was hit in the right arm by a musketball, which fractured his humerus bone in multiple places.

I have got my legs left and one arm. Meanwhile, a force under Sir Thomas Troubridge had fought their way to the main square but could go no further.

Unable to return to the fleet because their boats had been sunk, Troubridge was forced to enter into negotiations with the Spanish commander, and the British were subsequently allowed to withdraw.

Despondently Nelson wrote to Jervis: He was met with a hero's welcome: Nelson returned to Bath with Fanny, before moving to London in October to seek expert medical attention concerning his amputated arm.

Although surgeons had been unable to remove the central ligature in his amputated arm, which had caused considerable inflammation and poisoning, in early December it came out of its own accord and Nelson rapidly began to recover.

Napoleon was gathering forces in Southern France but the destination of his army was unknown. Nelson and the Vanguard were to be dispatched to Cadiz to reinforce the fleet.

St Vincent sent him on to Toulon with a small force to reconnoitre French activities. Nelson passed through the Straits of Gibraltar and took up position off Toulon by 17 May, but his squadron was dispersed and blown southwards by a strong gale that struck the area on 20 May.

Nelson, having been reinforced with a number of ships from St Vincent, went in pursuit. Napoleon had already arrived at Malta and, after a show of force, secured the island's surrender.

After a conference with his captains, he decided Egypt was Napoleon's most likely destination and headed for Alexandria.

On his arrival on 28 June, though, he found no sign of the French; dismayed, he withdrew and began searching to the east of the port.

While he was absent, Napoleon's fleet arrived on 1 July and landed their forces unopposed. Brueys then anchored his fleet in Aboukir Bay , ready to support Napoleon if required.

In doing so his force captured a French merchant ship, which provided the first news of the French fleet: Searching along the coast, he finally discovered the French fleet in Aboukir Bay on 1 August Nelson immediately prepared for battle, repeating a sentiment he had expressed at the battle of Cape St Vincent that "Before this time tomorrow, I shall have gained a peerage or Westminster Abbey.

The French line was anchored close to a line of shoals, in the belief that this would secure their port side from attack; Brueys had assumed the British would follow convention and attack his centre from the starboard side.

The unprepared French found themselves attacked on both sides, the British fleet splitting, with some following Foley and others passing down the starboard side of the French line.

The British fleet was soon heavily engaged, passing down the French line and engaging their ships one by one. Nelson on Vanguard personally engaged Spartiate , also coming under fire from Aquilon.

At about eight o'clock, he was with Berry on the quarter-deck when a piece of French shot struck him in his forehead. He fell to the deck, a flap of torn skin obscuring his good eye.

Blinded and half stunned, he felt sure he would die and cried out "I am killed. Remember me to my wife.

The French van, pounded by British fire from both sides, had begun to surrender, and the victorious British ships continued to move down the line, bringing Brueys's gun flagship Orient under constant heavy fire.

Orient caught fire under this bombardment, and later exploded. Nelson briefly came on deck to direct the battle, but returned to the surgeon after watching the destruction of Orient.

The Battle of the Nile was a major blow to Napoleon's ambitions in the east. The fleet had been destroyed: Orient , another ship and two frigates had been burnt, seven gun ships and two gun ships had been captured, and only two ships-of-the-line and two frigates escaped, [] while the forces Napoleon had brought to Egypt were stranded.

Napoleon then left his army and sailed back to France, evading detection by British ships. Given its strategic importance, some historians regard Nelson's achievement at the Nile as the most significant of his career, even greater than that at Trafalgar seven years later.

Nelson wrote dispatches to the Admiralty and oversaw temporary repairs to the Vanguard , before sailing to Naples where he was met with enthusiastic celebrations.

Jervis himself had begun to grow concerned about reports of Nelson's behaviour, but in early October word of Nelson's victory had reached London.

The City of London awarded Nelson and his captains swords, whilst the King ordered them to be presented with special medals. Instead, Nelson received the title Baron Nelson of the Nile.

Nelson was dismayed by Spencer's decision, and declared that he would rather have received no title than that of a mere barony. He made frequent visits to attend functions in his honour, or to tour nearby attractions with Emma, with whom he had by now fallen deeply in love, almost constantly at his side.

Despite enjoying his lifestyle in Naples, Nelson began to think of returning to England, [] but King Ferdinand of Naples, after a long period of pressure from his wife Maria Carolina of Austria and Sir William Hamilton, finally agreed to declare war on France.

The Neapolitan army, led by the Austrian General Mack and supported by Nelson's fleet, retook Rome from the French in late November, but the French regrouped outside the city and, after being reinforced, routed the Neapolitans.

In disarray, the Neapolitan army fled back to Naples, with the pursuing French close behind. The evacuation got under way on 23 December and sailed through heavy gales before reaching the safety of Palermo on 26 December.

With the departure of the Royal Family, Naples descended into anarchy and news reached Palermo in January that the French had entered the city under General Championnet and proclaimed the Parthenopaean Republic.

In late June Ruffo's army entered Naples, forcing the French and their supporters to withdraw to the city's fortifications as rioting and looting broke out amongst the ill-disciplined Neapolitan troops.

Nelson arrived off Naples on 24 June to find the treaty put into effect. His subsequent role is still controversial. Nelson then had the transports seized.

Caracciolo was tried by royalist Neapolitan officers and sentenced to death. Caracciolo was hanged aboard the Neapolitan frigate Minerva at 5 o'clock the same afternoon.

Nelson returned to Palermo in August and in September became the senior officer in the Mediterranean after Jervis' successor Lord Keith left to chase the French and Spanish fleets into the Atlantic.

You will be more likely to recover your health and strength in England than in any inactive situation at a foreign Court, however pleasing the respect and gratitude shown to you for your services may be.

The recall of Sir William Hamilton to Britain was a further incentive for Nelson to return, although he and the Hamiltons initially sailed from Naples on a brief cruise around Malta aboard the Foudroyant in April It was on this voyage that Horatio and Emma's illegitimate daughter Horatia was probably conceived.

Keith came to Leghorn in person to demand an explanation, and refused to be moved by the Queen's pleas to allow her to be conveyed in a British ship.

They made stops at Trieste and Vienna , spending three weeks in the latter where they were entertained by the local nobility and heard the Missa in Angustiis by Haydn that now bears Nelson's name.

He subsequently made his way to London, arriving on 9 November. He attended court and was guest of honour at a number of banquets and balls.

It was during this period that Fanny Nelson and Emma Hamilton met for the first time. During this period, Nelson was reported as being cold and distant to his wife and his attention to Emma became the subject of gossip.

Events came to a head around Christmas, when according to Nelson's solicitor, Fanny issued an ultimatum on whether he was to choose her or Emma.

I love you sincerely but I cannot forget my obligations to Lady Hamilton or speak of her otherwise than with affection and admiration.

The two never lived together again after this. On 29 January Emma gave birth to their daughter, Horatia.

On their arrival, Parker was inclined to blockade Denmark and control the entrance to the Baltic, but Nelson urged a pre-emptive attack on the Danish fleet at harbour in Copenhagen.

Parker himself would wait in the Kattegat , covering Nelson's fleet in case of the arrival of the Swedish or Russian fleets.

On the morning of 2 April , Nelson began to advance into Copenhagen harbour. Parker sent the signal for Nelson to withdraw, reasoning:. I will make the signal for recall for Nelson's sake.

If he is in a condition to continue the action he will disregard it; if he is not, it will be an excuse for his retreat and no blame can be attached to him.

Keep your eyes fixed on him. I have a right to be blind sometimes. At length Nelson dispatched a letter to the Danish commander, Crown Prince Frederick , calling for a truce, which the Prince accepted.

Satisfied with the outcome of the expedition, he returned to England, arriving on 1 July. In France, Napoleon was massing forces to invade Great Britain.

After a brief spell in London, where he again visited the Hamiltons, Nelson was placed in charge of defending the English Channel to prevent the invasion.

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